PROOFS OF CATACLYSMS

 
THIS IS AN EXCERPT FROM "GOODBYE
 
SIBERIAN WOOLLY MAMMOTH"
 
 
PERIOD: 10,000 BC.  THERE ARE OTHERS
 
AS WELL! READ DOWN.
 
 
10,000 BC. Siberia.

 

The Bison of Siberia suddenly became extinct.     

 

10,000 BC. Siberia. New Siberian Islands. Liahknov Islands, Liakoff
 
Island. 142.00e,75.00n.142e75n.

 

At a site on the Liahknov islands in the far northern Pacific region known as the Laptev Sea a 12,000-year-old, 10,000 BC, deposit was discovered in 1905-1906. This deposit was composed of millions of broken trees 200 feet deep. One violent blow of nature had wrenched them all out, roots and all. Encased in the mud beneath the splintered wood were the remains of the broken bodies of millions of animals such as the Mammoths and Bison. Ivan Lyakhov, the discoverer of the islands stated that from viewing the enormous quantities of Mammoth remains there that it seemed that the island was composed almost completely of bones and tusks. For a time the area supplied half of the World’s supply of ivory for piano keys and billiard balls. Undigested food was discovered in the animals’ stomachs that currently do not grow in the area for hundreds of miles around. Fractured bones and other evidence indicate a sudden, violent, shock. Cuvier theorized that a huge wave had swept these creatures up from some distant spot and dragged them through what was then a forest tearing them apart as well as burying them.

 

All over the island the bones and tusks were found of elephants, as well as the bones of rhinoceroses, buffaloes and horses in such vast numbers that it was thought that these animals must have once lived here in enormous herds.

 

10,000 BC. Sunda Shelf, China Sea .

 

Cores through the coral layers taken by Hanebuth and associates showed sudden changes in sea levels in this period indicating that the ice masses had melted quite rapidly and not gradually as originally theorized.  There were two major jumps in radiocarbon levels around 11,000 BC and 15,000 BC . Fairbanks insists that this was a sea-level rise of fifty feet in a few weeks. This is the same as cores taken from Barbados and Tahiti that also indicate 11,000 BC.

 

10,000 BC. Switzerland.

 

10,000 BC. Switzerland. Vaud. Lake Geneva. 6.30e, 46.27n.6e46n.

 

The Swiss scholar Francois Forel calculated that the quantity of detritus and its velocity carried by the Rhone River to Lake Geneva from the Alps showed that the last Glacial Period finished only twelve thousand years ago, 10,000 BC.

 

10,000 BC. United States.

 

The turmoil that caused the extinction of so many species of animals in both the New and Old Worlds according to Charles Darwin must have shaken the whole framework of the Earth. In the New World, more then seventy genera of large mammals suddenly became extinct between 15,000 BC and 7,000 BC. This included all North American members of seven families and one complete order, Proboscidea or Elephants. These staggering losses involving the violent obliteration of more than forty million animals were not spread out evenly over the entire period but were in a small period of two thousand years between 11,000 BC and 9,000 BC. In perspective in the previous three hundred thousand years, only about twenty genera had disappeared. This pattern was repeated across Europe and Asia. Even far off Australia was not exempt losing around nineteen genera of large vertebrates, not all mammals, in this relatively short period.

 

There were Elephants roaming the plains of North America and South America prior to twelve thousand years ago, 10,000 BC, when they suddenly became extinct for no apparent reason.

 

Paleontologist George G. Simpson considers the extinction of the Pleistocene horse in North America to be one of the most mysterious episodes in zoological history. The horse was not the only extinction in this period. Giant tortoises living in the Caribbean, the giant sloth, the sabre-toothed tiger, the glyptodont and Toxodon, all tropical animals, all became extinct. Woolly mammoths, woolly rhinoceroses, giant armadillos, giant beavers, giant jaguars, giant ground sloths and scores of other complete species were wiped out at the end of the Pleistocene. This was the end of the age of the giant mammals.

 

The bulk of the animal extinctions took place between eleven thousand BC and nine thousand BC when there were violent and unexplained fluctuations of climate. Geologist John Imbrie stated that there was a climatic revolution around eleven thousand years ago, 9,000 BC. There were also increased rates of sedimentation and an abrupt temperature increase of six to ten degrees Centigrade in the surface waters of the Atlantic Ocean. This increase in water temperatures alone would have brought about the end of the Ice Ages.

 

All over North and South America Ice Age fossils have been unearthed in which incongruous animal types, carnivores and herbivores, are mixed promiscuously with human bones. There are also widespread areas of fossilized land and Sea creatures mingled in no order and yet entombed in the same geological strata.

 

It was as if massive tidal waves had overtaken them!

 

In the United States Ice Age marine features are present along the Gulf Coast east of the Mississippi River, in some places at altitudes of two hundred feet.

 

Innumerable Clovis era flint spear points found across North America are peppered with micrometeorites that resemble tiny black magnetic grains, even leaving microcraters and inpact trails in the hard flint indicating tremendous velocity and impact. Numerous megafuana, mammoth and mastodon, bones are also pitted with these micrometeorites, always on one side only the same as the Clovis points. The angle of impact of these micrometeorites levels out the further away that you go from the Great Lakes indicating that they were falling straight down over the Great Lakes and at increasing angles away from the Great Lakes the numbers of micrometeorites and particles decreases. The micrometeorites were tiny iron spherules and cannot be created on Earth. Volcanic spherules are glass and not iron.

 

Between eleven thousand and nine thousand BC, 11,000 BC to 9,000 BC, there were numerous upheavals in the northern regions of Siberia and Alaska around the edge of the Arctic Circle. Uncountable numbers of large animals have been found; many carcasses still intact as well as astonishing quantities of perfectly preserved Mammoth tusks. Hundreds of thousands of individual creatures must have frozen immediately after death otherwise the meat and ivory would have spoiled. The Mammoth meat appears so fresh that it has been offered in restaurants in Fairbanks, Alaska, and has been used to feed sled Dogs.

 

Interspersed within the muck depths and sometimes through the very piles of bones and tusks themselves are layers of volcanic ash. This indicates volcanic eruptions of tremendous proportions at the time of the sudden deaths of the animals.

 

In this same period the glacial ice sheet suddenly retreated from Lake Superior and went back into Canada thus ending the last Ice Age. The line where the ice sheet had stopped originally is called the Mason-Quimby line and stretched from Lake Michigan to Lake Huron in Michigan.  Below this line Clovis era spear points and remains of megafauna were found and not above.

 

In North America the Clovis Era cultures all disappear at the same time. Incidentally the only other culture to practice the same flaking techniques of the Clovis site spear point makers were the Solutreans from Northern France and Spain. No one in Siberia created Clovis Points yet the Clovis Point culture by accepted reasoning is supposed to have originated in Siberia and across Beringia, now the Bering Strait, into North America. Specialists cannot usually tell the difference between Clovis and Solutrean spear points though the spear points are easily distinguished from any other type of spear point. The Solutrean spear point culture ended around 14,000 BC before Clovis appeared in North America around 11,500 years ago.

 

The Bolling Interglacial Phase of warm climate in Europe and the Brady Interstatial in North America started around 14,000 BC and lasted until 11,000 BC. Then the Ice Age suddenly returned in the age called the Younger Dryas wherein Ice Age conditions were nearly as before the Bolling Phase.

 

Another anomaly is the “black mat” which is always found above Clovis era sites and the occurrence of the iron micrometeorites. The “black mat” was probably composed of algae that experienced an explosion of growth in North America at the end of the Clovis Era. In many cases the “black mat” covers the remains of extinct animals from this same period suggesting that the “black mat” occurred after the extinctions.

 

At the end of the Bolling Phase and the return of the extreme cold the climate became considerably wetter with long and frequent soaking rain that covered everything and these lakes, marshes and ponds began to be quickly covered with thick choking mats of blue-green algae. As the algae died they sank to the bottom and covered the remains of the megafauna and the Clovis era spear points.

 

One theory is that the “black mat” grew so rapidly due to the presence of the iron micrometeorites that had just fallen. The conditions would have been ideal and the iron meteorites would have caused an algal bloom which was quite poisonous as it still is today. Had the toxic “black mat” killed of Clovis Man and the megafauna?

 

The “black mat” is found in the United States, Canada and Mexico and often drapes over the skeletons of the dead megafauna.

 

Quite often above the “black mat” there are numerous occurrences of charcoal from fierce fires.

 

There are great meteorite craters found in the Carolinas, Georgia, Florida and Virginia dating from ten to twelve thousand years ago, 10,000 to  8,000 BC.

 

The Carolina Bays for example are elliptical and average half a mile in diameter with elevated rims and depressions 25 to 50 feet deep.

 

The Carolina Bays have also been called the Carolina Craterfield. In 1931 the authorities in the two adjacent states of North Carolina and South Carolina decide to try out a new photogrammetric survey and commissioned a company specializing in aerial photography to undertake the task. The stretch between Florida and Cape Hatteras and its hinterland were exposed to the aerial camera. When the films were enlarged and examined in the stereo-comparator they created a sensation. The pilots who saw the pictures were startlingly reminded of the battlefields of the 1914-1918 War. Huge circular or oval shapes sometimes overlapping that could be clearly identified as enlarged mud filled craters caused by the impact of gigantic boulders characterized all the pictures. The existence of the Bays had been completely unknown in the flat marshy land that was traversed by troughs or bays. The origin of the bays was now suspected. There were three thousand such troughs. Half of them are longer than 1,300 feet and more than one hundred are longer than 5,250 feet. They cover an elongated ellipse of 63,500 miles. Only a small portion of this is on land. The rest is on the fragmented coastal strip. All the longitudinal axes are parallel indicating that the fragments must have consisted of boulders traveling parallel to each other. Even though the craters are 11,000 years old most of the troughs still display remains of the thrust wall in the Southeast. The boulders must have come from the Northwest. The cause of the craters or bays was attributed to the Carolina Meteorites.

 

Because the bays are elliptical as well as circular indicates that the descents and angles of impact must have differed considerably. Only a very large and disintegrating celestial body could have done this. A meteorite shower, if one were large enough would have produced identical holes, either circular or oval, not mixed. A descending and exploding large cosmic body could only produce the Carolina Bays. When the nucleus is traveling ahead of the tail of fragments the craters overlap.

 

Another theory is that the bays were formed by masses of ice ejected from the area of the Great Lakes and that is why no meteoric masses have been  found in them. In some of the bays on the low rims for the bays are shallow and elliptical generally with their end points parallel to each other meteoric black glass fragments have been found that are the same as the meteoric glass fragments found in Clovis sites before their disappearence. The sand around the bay rims is white as well and this indicates massive exposure to heat as the sand was blasted away from the impact zone.

 

There are over one hundred thousand meteor craters concentrated along the Georgia, Florida, Virginia and North and South Carolina coasts but also extending North and South indicating a great meteor swarm once struck the area.

 

At the end of the Ice Age the massive volumes of waters suddenly draining away from the collapsing and thawing ice masses would have swept down river valleys across North America at the same height as todays skyscrapers.  The flow rates were over one hundred times the flow rates of rivers today and many lakes were formed that were larger than many modern American states. As icedams collapsed massive surges of water would have acted as giant bulldozers across the land sweeping all before them in their path.

 

Mr. J. Harlan Bretz uncovered superflood evidence from this period in a narrow channel near Portland in Oregon. Here glacial waters from glacial Lake Missoula had reached depths of 400 to 500 feet and possibly up to one thousand feet!  The ice dam that had created this flow was estimated to be nearly half a mile high and when it burst the Missoula Superfloods  were created. Other superfloods were occurring across North America as other ice dams were collapsing in all directions.  At its largest Lake Missoula was four times larger than Lake Erie.

 

Lake Agassiz, of which only a fragment remains flowed out to the North Atlantic as the Mississippi system was blocked for up to one thousand years. Some scientists  state that this instigated the Younger Dryas climatic change wherein the Earth reverted back to the Ice Age.

 

10,000 BC. United States. 
 
Alaska.

 

The mastodons of  Alaska suddenly became extinct.

 

10,000 BC. Alaska. Windmill Lake.

 

Archeological excavations at Windmill Lake in Alaska show that the lake bottom was catching beetles  common to much warmer climates with summer temperatures similar to the present day. Only one thousand years before the beetles were those found in the Arctic tundra.

 

10,000 BC. Alaska. Point Barrow. 156.28w, 71.22n. 156w71n.

 

There are oriented shallow depressions or lakes in the permafrost near Point Barrow that are aligned northwest to southwest. These are the same age and the same direction and shape as the Carolina Bays and are from the same period.

 

 

10,000 BC. Arizona.

 

10,000 BC. Arizona. Coconino County. Winslow, near Flagstaff.
 
Barringer Crater. 111.01w, 35.02n.111w35n.

 

To the Southeast of Painted Desert in Arizona is the Great Meteor Crater or Winslow Meteor Crater, also called the Barringer meteor crater. Next to it is the amazing Petrified Forest. Approximately 20,000 to  12,000 years ago,  18,000 BC to 10,000 BC, a meteor crashed here creating a huge crater. This was at the same time as the Odessa group of meteorite craters in Texas. The rain of meteors in Arizona covered 550 square miles. The meteors struck out of the northern sky, weighing one million tons and traveling at several miles per second. The Barringer Meteor struck at an angle driving through solid rock while it was being decelerated to zero velocity and its fragments finally came to rest at the base of a cliff. Half a billion tons of rock were displaced. The crystal structure of the meteorite fragments indicates that it might be an Asteroid, the remains of an exploded Planet orbiting between Jupiter and Mars. From the ring to the pit bottom the depth is 570 feet. The diameter of the top of the rim is  4,000 feet. The circumference is three miles. The meteorite might have been an iron sphere 60 feet in diameter.

 

The meteorite made a hole 4,500 feet across and 600 feet deep. It flung out masses of rock weighing up to 7,000 tons and altogether hurled out 400 million tons of rock. The pressure of the impact exceeded one million pounds per square inch turning silica into new forms known as coesite and stishovite.

 

The Navajo have a legend that one of their sky Gods streaked down from Heaven as a flaming serpent one day long ago and blasted out the bowl of Flagstaff Meteor Crater as a token of his passing.

 

What then of the Barringer meteor shower in Arizona around this same time as well as the Odessa Meteor shower in Texas which was contemporary with it?

 

Are we getting too many contemporary Meteor or Asteroid showers?

 

The Heavens were certainly very active in this period.

 

How many other meteor showers are dated from this time?

 

10,000 BC. California.

 

 10,000 BC. California. Kern County. McKittrick. 119.37w, 35.18n.
 
119w35n.

 

The remains of many late Ice Age birds and animals have been unearthed from asphalt in this area from the end of the last Ice Age.

 

10,000 BC. California. Los Angeles County.  San Pedro Valley. 
 
118.16, 33.43n.118w33n.

 

Mastodon skeletons were discovered still standing upright and engulfed in great heaps of volcanic ash and sand from the end of the last Ice Age.

 

10,000 BC. California. Santa Barbara County. Santa Barbara.
 
119.42w, 34.46n. 119w34n.

 

The United States geological survey found a bed of now petrified fish on a former sea bottom where more than one billion fish died within a four-mile area around 10,000 BC.

 

These fish averaged 6 to 8 inches in length and covered four square miles of bay bottom. How did they get trapped there? What force pushed these fish as well as the seawater into this tiny bay? Was it a tsunami?

 

10,000 BC.  California. Santa Barbara County. Carpinteria.
 
119.30w, 34.33n. 119w34n.

 

Remains of typical Late Ice Age birds and animals have been unearthed from asphalt from the end of the last Ice Age.

 

10,000 BC. United States. Connecticut.

 

A tremendous explosion, the type that hopefully we shall never see again, hurled rocks found only in Labrador in Canada onto mountains in New Hampshire, Massachusetts and Connecticut to the southeast and Wisconsin to the southwest which are in geographical terms the same distance away from Labrador. Was this an impact explosion like that caused by a meteor or an ejective explosion caused by volcanic activity?

 

10,000 BC. United States. Florida.

 

Valentine, 1969, mentions massive piles of mastodon and saber-toothed tiger bones that were discovered in Florida.

 

There are great meteorite craters found in the Carolinas, Georgia, Florida and Virginia dating from ten to twelve thousand years ago, 10,000 BC to  8,000 BC.

 

The Carolina Bays for example are elliptical and average half a mile in diameter with elevated rims and depressions 25 to 50 feet deep.

 

The Carolina Bays have also been called the Carolina Craterfield. In 1931 the authorities in the two adjacent states of North Carolina and South Carolina decide to try out a new photogrammetric survey and commissioned a company specializing in aerial photography to undertake the task. The stretch between Florida and Cape Hatteras and its hinterland were exposed to the aerial camera. When the films were enlarged and examined in the stereo-comparator they created a sensation. The pilots who saw the pictures were startlingly reminded of the battlefields of the 1914-1918 War. Huge circular or oval shapes sometimes overlapping that could be clearly identified as enlarged mud filled craters caused by the impact of gigantic boulders characterized all the pictures. The existence of the Bays had been completely unknown in the flat marshy land that was traversed by troughs or bays. The origin of the bays was now suspected. There were three thousand such troughs. Half of them are longer than 1,300 feet and more than one hundred are longer than 5,250 feet. They cover an elongated ellipse of 63,500 miles. Only a small portion of this is on land. The rest is on the fragmented coastal strip. All the longitudinal axes are parallel indicating that the fragments must have consisted of boulders traveling parallel to each other. Even though the craters are 11,000 years old most of the troughs still display remains of the thrust wall in the Southeast. The boulders must have come from the Northwest. The cause of the craters or bays was attributed to the Carolina Meteorites.

 

Because the bays are elliptical as well as circular indicates that the descents and angles of impact must have differed considerably. Only a very large and disintegrating celestial body could have done this. A meteorite shower, if one were large enough would have produced identical holes, either circular or oval, not mixed. A descending and exploding large cosmic body could only produce the Carolina Bays. When the nucleus is traveling ahead of the tail of fragments the craters overlap.

 

Another theory is that the bays were formed by masses of ice ejected from the area of the Great Lakes and that is why no meteoric masses have been  found in them. In some of the bays on the low rims for the bays are shallow and elliptical generally with their end points parallel to each other meteoric black glass fragments have been found that are the same as the meteoric glass fragments found in Clovis sites before their disappearence. The sand around the bay rims is white as well and this indicates massive exposure to heat as the sand was blasted away from the impact zone.

 

There are over one hundred thousand meteor craters concentrated along the Georgia, Florida, Virginia and North and South Carolina coasts but also extending North and South indicating a great meteor swarm once struck the area.
 
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7,600 BC.

 

There was a sudden increase in radiation around the earth in 7,600 BC. This could have been caused by massive destruction of the ozone layer by the cometary impacts.

 

Around 7,640 BC world water temperatures suddenly started rising by 4.5 degrees centigrade until 3,000 BC when it reverted. The melting ice caused by this rise in sea temperatures caused a sea level rise of ninety to one hundred and twenty metres.

 

Around 7,640 BC there was a massive peak in Nitric acid in the earth’s atmosphere. This occurs when vast amounts of nitrogen are burnt up in the atmosphere during a cometary impact. Vast amounts of hydrochloric acid and sulphuric acid are also formed from seawater when a comet hits it. This was deduced from ice cores taken at Camp Century in Greenland in 1980.

 

7,600 BC. Australia.

 

In 1970 tektites were found embedded in fossilized wood dating back 9,500 years BP plus or minus 200 years.

 

-------------------------

 

7,600 BC. Austria. Tyrol. Otz Valley. Kofels. 10.53e,

 

47.12n.10e47n.

 

Edith Kristan-Tollman and Alexander Tollman of the University of Vienna postulated that about 9,500 years ago, 7,600 BC, seven large fragments of a comet crashed into the Earth. Fragments of a piece of this comet crashed into the Otz Valley in Austria. The Tollmans, also called Tollmann, stated that it was actually 3.00 AM on September 23rd 7,553 BC. The Tollmans argue that the large oceanic impacts of cometary fragments caused the legends of Noahs Flood. The Tollmans were this precise in their dating due to a Middle Eastern tradition that the event occurred on the day of the Autumn Equinox. The Tollmans based their research on tektites that were laid down in sediment around 7,600 BC.

Incidentally a very strong acid layer in Greenland ice cores was dated to 7,630 BC. Not too far off and the radiocarbon content of tree rings indicated a major event occurring in 7,553 BC, the same year as that postulated by the Tollmans.

 

Were these part of the same meteor shower that had hit the Tasman Sea near Australia as well as Vietnam?

 

The Tollmans stated that the cometary fragments landed almost simultaneously in the Tasman Sea between New Zealand and Australia, in the South China Sea, in the west-central Indian Ocean, in the North Atlantic, in the central Atlantic south of the Azores Islands, in the Pacific Ocean off Central America and again in the Pacific Ocean west of Tierra del Fuego. The story goes that these impacts generated tsunamis, triggered volcanic eruptions and earthquakes and created much damage.

 

The Tollmans stated that the Kofels crater in the Otz Valley of the Austrian Tyrol was one of those created by the cometary impact.

 

7,600 BC. Britain.

 

Britain and Ireland were were still connected to Europe. Suddenly England was separated from Europe in this period by an emerging North Sea.

 

7,600 BC. Egypt.

 

According to some climatologists Egypt and the Sahara Desert were still forested and wet in this period with elephants and giraffes roaming the area as well as aquatic animals in large lakes.

 

7,600 BC. Ireland.

 

Britain and Ireland were were still connected to Europe. Suddenly Europe was separated from Britain by a newly emerging North Sea.

 

7,600 BC. Sahara Desert.

 

According to some climatologists Egypt and the Sahara Desert were still forested and wet in this period with elephants and giraffes roaming the area as well as aquatic animals in large lakes.

 

7,600 BC. Scotland.

 

The climate in Scotland warmed up to become almost Mediterranean.

 

Around 7,000 BC there was a Neolithic community existing in what is now Castle Street in Inverness in Scotland.  They had built their community on top of a layer of white sea sand that had been found in various places in Scotland including Inverness and Fife. This was residue of an enormous tsunami that washed over Scotland.

 

7,600 BC. Tasman Sea.

 

Cometary fragments landed in the Tasman Sea.

 

7,600 BC. Vietnam.

 

Tektites found in Vietnam date to 7,500 BC and were caused by an impact in the China Sea.

 

Around 10,000 years ago, 7,500 BC, there was a major oceanic impact possibly of a comet in the Tasman Sea Southeast of Australia as well as in the China Sea near Vietnam.

 

Were there two comets or asteroids or meteors?

 

Were there actually many more?

 

Were these the falling Stars of legend?

 

7,600 BC. Wales.

 

In North Wales geologically recent seashells have been found at heights up to four hundred metres up the slopes of mountains such as Moel Tryfan that could have only been deposited by a massive tsunami. North Wales was covered in seawater.

 

 

7,000 BC.

 

Around 7,000 BC there was a massive electromagnetic surge in the earth’s atmosphere that effected the earth’s magnetic field. This is an approximate date only with a time error span of one thousand years and could have been caused by a collision with a cosmic body. This event could have occurred in 7,600 BC during the most recent cosmic impacts.

 

7,000 BC. Chile.

 

7,000 BC. Chile. Straits of Magellan. Palli Aike, Palliaiche. 73.00w,

 

53.20s. 73w53s.

 

In 1938 Julius Bird, also known as Junius Bird, found a human skeleton and radiocarbon dating in 1950 revealed that the bones were nine thousand years old,  7,000 BC. The bones were found with the remains of a Horse.

 

The skeletons of the men as well as Horses were found together in the cave.

 

Muck states that the skeleton is ten thousand years old and was discovered in 1969-1970. Was this a different skeleton?

 

An elongated human skull was found among bones of Sloths and Horses. The remains of the man, the Horses and the Sloths date back to  7,000 BC.

 

Charred remains of Sloths and horses along with handmade objects were found on the Straits of Magellan that are 9,000 years old,  7,000 BC.

 

The man of Palli Aike was Cro-Magnon according to Muck being tall, muscular, athletic and agile similar to the American Indians of today.

 

7,000 BC. Japan.

 

7,000 BC. Japan. Okinawa. 127.47e, 26.19n.127e26n.

 

The Okinawa island chain was part of a narrow continuous peninsula linked to the Chinese mainland until  7,000 BC.

 

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5,800 BC.

 

5,800 BC. Atlantic Ocean.

 

The Gulf Stream in the Atlantic Ocean restarted again and warm weather started again in Europe as moist westerly airflows reached the eastern Mediterranean and the Balkans. The seesaw effect of the North Atlantic Oscillation remained set in high mode causing low pressure cells over Iceland  and high pressure cells over the Azores Islands.  The western winds brought heat from the surface of the Atlantic Ocean to the heart of Europe thus making winter temperatures more mild and increasing summer rain.  This was the start of a two thousand year climate optimum period of warm and wet weather.

 

5,600 BC.

 

5,600 BC. Euxene Lake. Black Sea.

 

Around 5,600 BC the Euxene Lake started changing in response to the warmer weather patterns. The Euxine Lake originally was the product of retreating glaciers to the north. As the massively heavy ice sheets compressed the earth’s surface leaving higher ground  on the edges this moat of higher ground trapped meltwater, chunks of ice and rocky debris. As the ice sheet moat retreated to the north with the ice water flow was diverted to the south into what is now the Black Sea. Originally this was the Euxene Lake and it was one hundred and fifty metres lower than the Sea of Marmara which was an extension of the Mediterranean Sea through the Dardenelles. Prior to the Younger Dryas massive amounts of meltwater flowed out of the Euxene Lake via the Dardenelles on into the Mediterranean. This had happened for two thousand years then the Younger Dryas occurred and it stopped. Then the water started evaporating from the lake and the outflow channel became clogged with mud and debris and gradually formed an earthen berm or shallow natural dam. This turned the Euxene Lake bracken and shallow and so low that it was one hundred and fifty metres below the level of the Sea of Marmara and the Mediterranean. River valleys and deltas formed and fertile coastal strips appeared that were sanctuaries for people from the four hundred year drought that had started in 6,200 BC. Sediments from the Euxine Lake show that the water had a very low salinity level and was palatable to humans as well as animals. During this period the level of the Mediterranean Sea was fifteen metres lower than today as well. The collapse of the Laurentide Ice Sheet had changed things though. World sea levels were rapidly rising and the Sea of Marmara was lapping at the shrinking berm that was the only barrier between it and the vast sunken valley containing the Euxene Lake.  Winds and tides battered the earthen barrier until one day something caused the berm to breach and some water began to possibly trickle over the earthen barrier and then to form large channels and rivulets that turned into a massive stream of water surging into the sunken valley one hundred and fifty metres below. A flume was created that was between eight-five and one hundred and forty-four metres deep and enough water was passing through that the waters rose fifteen centimeters per day whilst fertile deltas and river valleys vanished under the new sea for this was saltwater and not freshwater.

 

Many clues to this cataclysmic event have been found under the Black Sea.  Cores and probes have mapped parts of an extensive freshwater lake one hundred and fifty metres below the present sea level.

 

Gravel deposits were found that were formed by a falling sea level.

 

There has also been found a pristine ribbon of sand dunes that had evidently been submerged by rapidly rising water. 

 

Tiny marine shells have been found in core samples that date the cataclysm to 5,600 BC.  The lake changed from freshwater to salt in 5,600 BC.

 

The flowrate of the water as it extended up river valleys and across shorelines was 1.6 kilometres a day.

 

Within two years it is believed the Euxene Lake was filled to the same level as the Mediterranean Sea and was now the Black Sea. One of the largest freshwater lakes in the world had become the brackish Black Sea.

 

A theory proposed by Geologists William Ryan and Walter Pitman of Columbia University states that the modern day Black Sea was created 7,500 years ago when melting glaciers raised sealevels until the waters of the Mediterranean breached the natural dam at the Bosphorus. A cataclysmic deluge followed when seawater from the Mediterranean poured into the Black Sea Basin at two hundred times the flow of Niagara Falls. The heavier salt water plunged to the bottom of the existing freshwater lake and began to fill the basin inundating communities, killing people and wiping out uncounted species of animals and plants as the ecosystem suddenly changed from freshwater to saltwater. The flood created a two-layered body of water that exists to this day where the normal convection currents were permanently interfered with and the normal process of oxygenation does not occur. The less dense freshwater stayed on top of the heavier salt water that became sterile once its original oxygen was used up.

 

Had the massive wash from the opening of the Pillars of Hercules at the western end of the Mediterranean Lakes reached the Bosphorus with such impact that it breached the Bosphorus at Turkey and spilled into the Black Sea? How enormous a tsunami was this?

 

Robert D. Ballard, archeologist, discovered in the Black Sea that the original coast was much lower than at present. Freshwater mollusks had lived in the waters until around 7,500 years ago but had been replaced with marine saltwater species 600 years later.

 

The invasion of seawaters of the Black Sea covered an area of 60,000 square miles and raised the level of the freshwater Euxene Lake by five hundred feet and creating the saltwater Black Sea.

 

A man made structure was discovered three hundred feet below the surface of the Black Sea twelve miles east of the Turkish city of Synope. At 311 feet a robotic submersible using side-scan radar discovered a collapsed rectangular building 39 feet long by 13 feet wide stuck in the clay matrix. The expedition was exploring the outlines of an ancient coast 550 feet below the present waterline. The expedition also discovered planks, beams, tree branches and chunks of wood untouched by worms or mollusks. As well there was a trash heap with polished stones and other human debris.

 

With the fluctuation in possible dating techniques based on radioactive decay rates how accurate is 5,600 BC? Could it still be 9,000 BC to 10,000 BC or is it vice–versa?

 

Or are all of these dates wrong indicating that we may need a new way of dating historical events?

 

5,000 BC.

 

Between 5,000 BC and 3,000 BC the world’s seas and oceans reached their highest levels since the glaciation had started melting at the end of the last Ice Age. This was their highest level in 20,000 years. The oceans averaged ten to sixteen feet deeper then than their current mean now. Twenty thousand years ago the sea was at a level three hundred to four hundred feet lower than it is now but the climate was warming and sea levels started rising slowly according to some.

 -------------------------------------

3,300 BC. Egypt.

 

Around 3,300 BC the monsoon moved south-west and the local geography became hyper arid and uninhabitable.

 

3,200 BC- 3,100 BC.

 

According to Duncan Steele four comets one month apart made terrestial orbit intersections with the Earth in 3,100 BC.

 

One theory states that the comet Proto-Encke made its closest pass to the Earth in 3,100 BC.

 

Clube and Napier postulate that between 3,500 BC and 3,000 BC an asteroid known as Olijato had repeated close encounters with the Earth. Clube and Olijato thought that Olijato was a fragment of a larger comet that broke up around 4,000 years earlier.

 

 

Around 3,150 BC there was a massive electromagnetic surge in the earth’s atmosphere that effected the earth’s magnetic field. This could have been caused by a collision with a cosmic body.

 

Cataclysm2.  3,200 BC- 3,100 BC. Atlantic Ocean.

 

Between  3,200 BC and  3,000 BC  there were two centuries of rapid drying and cooling  as Atlantic Ocean circulation apparently shut down again. The Gulf Stream may have stopped again.

 

Cataclysm2.  3,200 BC- 3,100 BC. Australia. Northern Territory.

 

The Henbury Meteorite Crater is in the Northern Territory of Australia and is five hundred feet wide and is dated to 3,100 BC.

 

Cataclysm2.  3,200 BC- 3,100 BC. Azores.

 

There was massive vulcanism in the Azores around 3,100 BC.

 

Cataclysm2.  3,200 BC- 3,100 BC. Babylon.

 

Berosus the Chaldean or Babylonian historian wrote about the Great Flood and that it occurred on the 15th day in the month of Daisios or June 15th  3,116 BC.

 

Cataclysm2.  3,200 BC- 3,100 BC. China.

 

Chinese mythology mentions that the Emperor Fu Hsi arrived after the Great Flood which occurred around 2,950 BC.

Cataclysm2.  3,200 BC- 3,100 BC. Egypt.

 

Professor Ioannis Liritzis of the University of Rhodes in the Greek Islands found evidence that a comet hit the Mediterranean Sea in 3,150 BC.

 

Egyptologist Peter Clayton gives a starting date of 3,150 BC for the beginning of Egyptian civilization.

 

Cataclysm2.  3,200 BC- 3,100 BC. Egypt. Sinai Peninsula. 34.00e,

 

29.00n. 34e29n.

 

The plateau of the Sinai Peninsula is covered with formations of basalt lava. There are also wide stretches of the Arabian Desert that also glisten with lava. Lava formations interspersed with extinguished volcanoes stretch from the vicinity of Palmyra in Jordan southward into Arabia as far as Mecca. These volcanoes only became extinct a few thousand years ago. Was this last occurrence during one of the Cataclysms?

 

There are also vast fields of burnt sharp stones here on what was fertile well watered land prior to the appearance of the strange stones. This is the same as in Arabia, which is just across the Gulf of Aquaba.

 

The Sinai Desert is today covered with blackened stones that are scattered across the landscape and for which there is no known reason unless it is the Biblical one. At Har Karkom, Jebel Ideid, a sacred mountain community dating back to 3,000 BC, there are many boulders several feet in size that have been mysteriously blackened and on which numerous ancient travelers have etched signs and symbols. The rocks are blackened only on the surface.

 

On the large mountain plateau of Har Kerkom, also in Sinai, the top is covered in an expanse of black stone fragments known to the locals as hamada. In some places in ancient times the hamada layer has been cleared to form what are called hut circles.

The blackened rocks in the Sinai resemble volcanic rocks but there are no volcanoes in the area now.

 

Cataclysm2:  3,200 BC- 3,100 BC. England.

 

A dust veil event happened in Ireland and England. This is the abrupt appearance of massive amounts of ash in the atmosphere. This is from tree rings from the period of  3,100 BC. There is increased cosmic dust falling.

 

 

Cataclysm2:  3,200 BC-  3,100 BC. Greenland.

 

An ice core recovered from Camp Century showed an acidity spike which indicated that there was a large increase in falling ash world wide in 3,100 BC.

 

Cataclysm2:  3,200 BC- 3,100 BC. Iceland.

 

There was a peak in vulcanism in Iceland in 3,100 BC at Mount Hiemay. This was coincidentally with vulcanism in the Azores at the same time due south of Iceland?

 

Cataclysm2.  3,200 BC- 3,100 BC. India.

 

In the Vishnu Purana there is mention of the lost city of Dwarka  which was governed by Krishna which was thought to have been on a large island off the northwest coast of India. Dwarka was submerged by a suddenly rising ocean at the dawn of the Age of Kali which according to the Vishnu Purana was in 3,102 BC.

 

Other Indian scriptures mention the submerged city of Mahabilipuram that was totally swallowed up by the sea in a great flood. This city was a copy of the palace of the Gods which its architect and ruler had visited. The Great god Indra commanded the submerging of the city by convening all of the other dieities of Heaven to call down watery judgement  on the blasphemous inhabitants. Mahabilipuram meant “City of the Great Giant”.

 

Cataclysm2:  3,200 BC- 3,100 BC. Ireland.

 

A dust veil event happened in Ireland and England. This is the abrupt appearance of massive amounts of ash in the atmosphere. This is from tree rings from the period of  3,100 BC. There is increased cosmic dust falling.

 

Tree rings in Ireland indicate enormous ashfall around 3,150 BC.

 

According to Mike Baillie, a dendrochronologist at Queens University in Belfast in Northern Ireland  there was a major temperature trough worldwide around 3,150 BC.  Baillie had constructed an Irish bog oak dendochronology spanning the period from 5,000 BC to 1,000 AD.  The Irish bog oaks showed a pattern of narrow rings, indicating extremely minimal growth, around 3,150 BC. In fact the rings were so narrow that Baillie could barely measure them indicating that weather conditions had been catastrophic. These narrow rings covered most of the 1,620s and unlike a major volcanic eruption lasted almost a decade. Even the largest volcanic eruptions only produce nuclear winter conditions for around three years. Baillie then compared his bog oak data against Greenland ice cores and a number of dates lined up indicated by ice core acid layers. These major weather events, much larger than volcanic induced nuclear winter conditions, occurred within thirty years of 210 BC, fifty years of 1,120 BC, ninety years of 3,150 BC and one hundred years of  4,400 BC. When new data was published in 1987 it showed another major acid layer within twenty years of 1,645  BC.

 

Cataclysm2:  3,200 BC- 3,100 BC. Israel.

 

For no known reason the Dead Sea rose 300 feet around 3,100 BC.

 

Cataclysm2:  3,200 BC- 3,100 BC. Mediterranean Sea.

 

The direction of the Earth’s magnetic field abruptly changed in 3,150 BC when a comet hit the Mediterranean Sea.

 

Professor Ioannis Liritzis of the University of Rhodes in the Greek Islands found evidence that a comet hit the Mediterranean Sea in 3,150 BC.

 

 

Cataclysm2.  3,200 BC- 3,100 BC.  Mexico.

 

The Mayan calendar was founded on August 10th  3,113 BC by Kukulkan the great Civilizer. Other sources state August 12th. In Egypt this date when Gods and men sailed from their sinking island home and arrived in the Nile Delta was around 3,100 BC. The Babylonians had a date of 3,116 BC when Oannes the fish headed god arrived and brought civilization to Sumeria. Incidentally in Indian Mythology, from India, Dwarka was submerged by a suddenly rising ocean at the dawn of the Age of Kali which according to the Vishnu Purana was in 3,102 BC.

 

Kukulkan arrived after the “Hun yecil” the Drowning of the Trees which covered the world.

 

Cataclysm2.  3,200 BC- 3,100 BC.  Peru.

 

Glaciologist Lonnie Thompson has accumulated evidence that indicates that there was a major change in Earth’s climate approximately 5,200 years ago. By studying plants released by the Quelccaya Ice cap in the Peruvian Andes Thompson found by carbon dating them that they were suddenly buried alive by ice around  3,200 BC. How accurate is carbon dating though?

 

Around 3,150 BC the climate of Peru changed suddenly from that of a warm and wet and tropical climate to a different climate that was  colder, dryer and less tropical. The Aspero pyramids were built at this same time.

 

Cataclysm2.  3,200 BC- 3,100 BC. Sri Lanka.

 

The Tamil people of Sri Lanka and southern India remember their ancestors coming to Sri Lanka  after their island kingdom called Nawalam perished in the sea a long time ago.

 

Cataclysm2:  3,200 BC- 3,100 BC. Taiwan.

 

Massive flooding in Taiwan forced Austronesians who are members of an archeological group called the Dawenkou and inhabited Shandong and Jiangsu to leave Taiwan and travel south to the Philippines. These are the ancestors of the proto-Malay groups of people and languages.

----------------

 

Cataclysm3: 2,350 BC-  2,200

 

BC.

 

According to W. Bruce Massie an environmental archeologist in the period  2,350 BC to 2,000 BC there were at least four cosmic impacts with the Earth. These were in 2,345 BC, 2,240 BC, 2,188 BC and 2,000 BC with a possible fifth impact between 2,297 BC and 2,265 BC.

 

The astrophysicist Victor Clube at Oxford University proposed that a giant comet entered the Solar System some time before 18,000 BC and disintegrated over the next few thousand years leaving a debris strewn orbit in to which the Earth periodically blunders. Clube has linked the Cataclysmic meltdown of the last Ice Age between  12,000 BC, and  7,000 BC, with one such storm that caused sea levels to rise on average 100 metres or over three hundred feet. Imagine the impact on our coastal cities which generally are our largest and most prosperous ones. The same to a smaller degree occurred again in 2,350 BC and 500 AD.

 

The average temperatures of the planet Earth suddenly cooled by four to six degrees. Before this sudden temperature drop sea levels had been rising as glaciers and polar ice caps melted and added meltwaters to rivers and oceans. Suddenly the Arctic chilled and more and more water turned back into ice. This suddenly increasing glacial burden might have reflected sunlight back into space and cooled things down even further. What also happens with sudden increases in glaciation is that the extra weight of the glaciers causes earthquake activity as well as uplifts and downlevels of parts of the earth where the land is raised or lowered. Lake levels change as well as river courses. Even the intertropical discontinuity can be shifted which it did in this period. This is where the band where air from the tropics flows towards the poles and then suddenly shifts south or north  altering the winds that carry rainstorms. In this way dry areas become wet and wet areas become dry for a period.

 

French researchers in the Middle East  have found layers of a mineral called calcite which is normally only found in rocks that have fallen from space in the Middle East that date to 2,200 BC.

 

Cataclysm:   2,350 BC-2,200 BC. Argentina.

 

Numerous Meteor craters dating back to 2,400 BC to 2,350 BC have been found in Argentina according to Dr Benny Peiser of John Moores University in Liverpool.

 

Cataclysm:   2,350 BC-2,200 BC. Atlantic Ocean.

 

Suddenly the Gulf Stream in the Atlantic Ocean decelerated causing the reliable and moist westerlies from the Mediterranean to cease and the 278 year drought to start.

 

 

Cataclysm3:   2,350 BC-2,200 BC. Armenia.

 

Analysis of sediment cores from Lake Van in Armenia at the headwaters of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers show that the lake’s volume of water declined rapidly leading to catastrophic results for the populations of Mesopotamia downstream around  2,200 BC.

 

Cataclysm3:   2,350 BC-2,200 BC. Argentina.

 

In the Rio Cuarto region of Argentina an asteroid exploded with the force of 359 megatons and leaving a series of impact craters in the ground around  2,200 BC.

 

Cataclysm3:   2,350 BC-2,200 BC. China.

 

Yao or Yahou ascended the throne in 2,357 BC. It was from his reign that regular historical records began. There was a Great Deluge in his reign and Yao successfully battled against the waters.

 

During the reign of Yahou a brilliant Star issued from the constellation Yin. This was in the middle of the Third Millennium BC.

 

In the time of the Emperor Yahou the Sun did not go down for ten days. The world was in flames and in their vast extent the waters overtopped the great heights threatening the Heavens with their floods. The water of the ocean was heaped up and cast upon the continent of Asia. A great tidal wave swept over the mountains and broke in the middle of the Chinese empire. The water was caught in the valleys between the mountains and the land was flooded for decades.

 

During the reign of the Emperor Yao or Yahou the Sun did not set for ten days, the forests were ignited and a multitude of abominable vermin was brought forth.

 

Then an immense wave that reached the sky fell down on the land of China. The water was well up on the high mountains and the foothills could not be seen at all.

 

The sky suddenly began to fall northwards. The Sun, Moon and planets changed their courses after the Earth had been shaken.

 

The sky collapsed when the mountains fell.

 

The Earth had tilted violently before the Deluge. This is the same legends as the Eskimos.

 

During the Deluge the sea receded to the southeast.

 

During the calamity during the reign of the Emperor Yao an intense heat lit up the Earth, the harvests were destroyed, frightful hurricanes lashed the cities and the countryside, the seas rose and boiled submerging the fields, huge monsters were everywhere causing massacres and men feared the Apocalypse. The Emperor Yao consulted his priests and sages who were of no use. Desperate Yao consulted the divine archer Tsu-yu who was capable of flying and ate nothing but flowers. The hero beat down the false suns letting the true light shine on the follies of mankind. He exterminated the monsters entirely and saved the Earth for an ungrateful posterity, afterwards flying off to the Moon.

 

False suns? Meteorites in the second millennium BC?

 

The Israelites mention them.

 

The false suns though were not normal nocturnal objects for they could change direction very quickly, unlike cosmic bodies, and sometimes caused fiery destruction and for this they were much feared.

 

How many floods have there been?

 

In the twelfth year of the Emperor’s reign a strange man appeared. His name was Chih Chiang Tsu-yu, the divine archer and chief mechanician who rode on a celestial bird and was carried into the centre of an immense horizon where he noticed that he could not observe the rotary movement of the Sun. This in fact is only possible from space.

 

Chih Chiang Tsu-yu was also called Hou Yih. In the year 2,309 BC he decided to go on a trip to the Moon on a celestial bird. This bird advised him of the exact times of the rising, culmination and setting of the Sun. Hou Yih explored space by mounting the current of luminous air. From space he did perceive the rotary movement of the Earth. On the Moon he built the palace of great cold and saw the frozen looking horizon. His wife Chang Ngo also dabbled in space travel and flew to the Moon where she found a luminous sphere, shining like glass, of enormous size and very cold. She declared that the light of the Moon has its birth in the Sun.

 

Another curious story from the reign of the Emperor Yao in the collection of old tales by Wang Chia tells of an enormous ship appearing on the sea at night with brilliant lights that were extinguished during the day. This ship could sail to the Moon and the Stars hence its name a ship hanging among the Stars or the boat to the Moon. This Celestial ship was seen for a period of twelve years.

 

When the Sun did not set for ten days the forests were ignited and a multitude of horrible vermin was brought forth. The entire land was flooded in the lifetime of Yao, Yahou. An immense wave that reached the sky fell down on the land of China. The water was well up on the high mountains and the foothills could not be seen at all. The Heavens were threatened with the floods. The Emperor ordered that all efforts be made to open outlets for the waters that were caught in the valleys between mountains. For many years the population laboured trying to free the plains and valleys of the waters of the Deluge by digging channels and draining the fields. This took over nine years.

 

It is stated that in this period around 2,141 BC  that ten suns fell from the sky after having been shot by the Divine Archer.  Nine years of cataclysmic floods followed this during the reigns of Emperors Kuan and Yu at the start of the Xia Dynasty.

 

In 2,240 BC the Emperor Shun wrote of a large meteor that he saw fall from the sky that was followed by the Great Flood. “The whole world was submerged and all the world was an endless ocean. People floated on the treacherous waters searching for caves and trees on high mountains. The crops were ruined and survivors vied with fierce birds for places to live. Thousands of people died each day”

 

The Emperor Yao was also called Yu and was supposed to have caused the Deluge or Great Deluge. Yao ‘s son was also called Yu and became Emperor of China after King Shun, first successor to Yao. Yu succeeded in draining the land after the Deluge.

 

After the Great Deluge Yahou sent scholars to different parts of China and even to Indo-China to find out the location of north, west, east and south by observing the direction of the Sun’s rising and setting and the motion of the Stars, to find the duration of the seasons and to draw a new calendar. Yahou commanded He and Ho to calculate and delineate the movements and appearances of the Sun, the Moon, the Stars and the zodiacal spaces and to deliver the seasons to the people. Had there been a minor earth shift in this period as well?

 

The Emperor Yahou sent astronomers to the valley of obscurity and the somber residence to observe the new movements of the Sun and Moon and the syzygies, orbital points, of the conjunctions.

 

The Huai Nan Tzu mentions an idyllic age when men and animals lived in peace and beauty in a garden, body and soul united in cosmic understanding. The climate was benevolent, there were no natural calamities, the planets did not deviate from their courses, and injury and crime were unknown. The spirits frequently descended among men and taught them divine wisdom. Later men fell from grace and filled the world with fear.

 

The Huai-nan-tzu also mentions a Universal despot called Huang-ti that has been identified with the Greek Cronos who had a son called Chuan-su-fu who was identified as Zeus-Jupiter. The son of Chuan, Yu, was identical with Heracles, Hercules, who performed twelve almost identical tasks.

 

The Huai Nan Tzu also mentions that in very ancient times the four pillars at the compass points were broken down and the nine provinces of the habitable world were split apart. Heaven did not wholly cover the Earth and earth did not completely support Heaven. Fires flamed without being extinguished, waters inundated without being stopped, fierce beasts ate the people, and birds of prey seized the old and weak in their claws. Thereupon Nukua fused together stones of the fire, colors with which she patched together the azure Heaven. She cut the feet off a turtle with which she set up the pillars.

 

Another legend concerning damage to the pillars of Heaven concerns the Nukua, a serpent woman with the body of a serpent and the head of a woman. Towards the end of her reign she quelled a rebellion by a vassal, prince Kung-Kung, who struck his head against the imperial mountain Pu-Chan-Shan and brought it down. The pillars of Heaven were broken and the corners of earth gave way. This was around 2,800 BC.

 

The Emperor Yao or Yahou was fourth successor of Fuh-Hi, a demi-God who founded the Chinese empire in 2,852 BC. Fuh-Hi introduced cattle and taught the art of writing. He instituted marriage.

 

The successor of Fuh-Hi was Shin-nung who during a reign of 140 years introduced agriculture and medical science.

 

The second successor was Hwang-ti, who is believed to have invented weapons, wagons, ships, clocks, musical instruments and introduced coins, weights and measures.

 

The third successor was Ti-ku who established schools and was the first to practice polygamy.

 

Cataclysm3:   2,350 BC-2,200 BC. Egypt.

 

In 2,184 BC the Nile Floods in Egypt faltered and for the next one hundred and fifty years the annual floods were catastrophically low and brought famine to Egypt. The central government collapsed and there was a succession of short reign pharaohs before the reunification of Egypt in 2,046 BC under Mentuhotep 1.

 

A Coptic manuscript called the Abou Hormeis Papyrus mentions a fiery danger that had appeared from “the heart of the Lion”, the constellation Leo, near the star Regulus. This was accompanied by loud thundering in the sky as well as a rain of burning stones that shattered Egypt in the first minute of Cancer. The Great Flood occurred after this.

 

In this period a mysterious mass death struck the port city of Mendes during widespread fires. The city was abandoned until the new Kingdom.

 

Cataclysm3:   2,350 BC-2,200 BC. England. Lancashire.

 

Lancashire tree rings show a period narrow rings that began in 2,354 BC and became narrowest in 2,345 BC.

 

Cataclysm3:   2,350 BC-2,200 BC. Greenland.

 

Chemical signals from the Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2 were apparent for the period of  2,200 BC.

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Cataclysm4:   1,600  BC-  1,500 BC.

 

According to Mike Baillie, a dendrochronologist at Queens University in Belfast in Northern Ireland  there was a major temperature trough worldwide around   1,600  BC.  Baillie had constructed an Irish bog oak dendochronology spanning the period from 5,000 BC to 1,000 AD.  The Irish bog oaks showed a pattern of narrow rings, indicating extremely minimal growth, around 1,627 BC. In fact the rings were so narrow that Baillie could barely measure them indicating that weather conditions had been catastrophic. These narrow rings covered most of the 1,620s and unlike a major volcanic eruption lasted almost a decade. Even the largest volcanic eruptions only produce nuclear winter conditions for around three years. Baillie then compared his bog oak data against Greenland ice cores and a number of dates lined up indicated by ice core acid layers. These major weather events, much larger than volcanic induced nuclear winter conditions, occurred within thirty years of 210 BC, fifty years of 1,120 BC, ninety years of 3,150 BC and one hundred years of  4,400 BC. When new data was published in 1987 it showed another major acid layer within twenty years of 1,645  BC.

 

Mr. Val LaMarche of the University of Arizona specifically mentioned the year 1,627 BC as being a year with a particularly striking frost indicating a major weather variation. This was deduced from bristle cone pine dendrochronology. LaMarche had analyzed bristlecone pines from the White Mountains along the California and Nevada borders in the United States.

 

Cataclysm4. Arabia.   1,600  BC-  1,495  BC.

 

There are ancient ruins in southern Arabia that date back to a time when the area was fertile and well watered. In western Arabia, there are 28 fields of scorched and shattered stones that cover as many as 7,000 square miles each. The stones are sharp-edged, densely grouped and burned black. They are not volcanic and appear to date from the time when this area was lush and fertile and suddenly became scorched by intense heat transforming it into an instant desert. It was an intense blast of heat coupled to other catastrophic events. Under this area there is an enormous reservoir of water below the parched desert. The only source for such a large deposit of water could only have been heavy rains from the fertile times. What caused this intense heat surge and when?

 

Could this have been in the middle of the Second Millennium BC?

 

Or was it the Eighth Millennium BC?

 

How accurate are our radiation decay dating procedures anyway?

 

What had caused the heat surge onto the area? Not meteorites or comets or asteroids as they do not do this. Something else was traveling with the cosmic bodies and it was generating intense amounts of heat as well as radiation.

 

Cataclysm4:   1,600  BC-  1,495  BC. Babylon.

 

A dark age descended over Babylon that lasted one hundred years. At the same time the Amorite capital is sacked and the Mittani and Hurrian overlords lose their hold of the Assyrian Empire.

 

During the ninth year of the reign of Amaziduga, circa 1,629 BC, the king described seeing the cosmic body Ninsianna for a period of nine months. Was this a comet?

 

In the Babylonian Venus Tablets which was a set of astronomical records kept by Babylonian astronomers during the reign of King Ammizaduga in the 1,600s BC the planet Venus disappeared from view for nine months and four days during the ninth year of his reign. Venus is one of the brightest of the celestial objects and the skies are remarkably clear over Babylon. The archeoastronomer P. J. Huber deduced that the date of this event was, amazingly enough, 1,628 BC. The planet Venus could have been obscured by a dustveil event.

 

Cataclysm4:   1,600  BC-  1,495  BC. Britain.

 

Tree rings in Britain indicate enormous ashfall around 1,628 BC.

 

Around   1,500 BC the two thousand year old Neolithic civilization in Britain changed completely from that of a peaceful agrarian culture to that of one that focused on building fortifications and weapons of war. The old Neolithic sites such as Stonehenge and Avebury were abandoned and no new ones were created.  There is no excavated evidence for foreign invasion or massive climate change.

 

Cataclysm4:   1,600  BC-  1,495  BC. China.

 

In a Silk text called the “Mawangdui Silk Almanac” there is a reference to a huge comet seen in the sky over China in 1,486 BC approximately that had ten tails and to the Chinese this indicated the worst of portents. This incidentally was the first comet recorded by the Chinese who plotted all cometary  positions to occur thereafter. The comet was named “Lao-Tien-Yeh”, the Great God and became the Supreme God of China for a very turbulent and warlike period thereafter. This was by King Tang in the beginning of the Shang Dynasty. Incidentally in 1,486 BC the Egyptians recorded in the Tulli Papyrus that a great celestial disc of fire appeared in the Sky over the Temple of Karnak that the priests prostrated themselves in fear. This fiery disc was so unique that it was recorded as never having been seen before and was one rod in length by one rod in width and it extended to the limits of the four supports of the heavens. The Egyptian rod was 170 feet. The Egyptians used to say that the Full Moon was five cubits wide and the rod was one hundred cubits long. This was enormous. The Tulli Papyrus also stated that the aerial object broke up after several days had passed and became more numerous in the sky.

 

Coincidentally with this appearance a new god appeared in China.  Zi Cheng, the third king of the Shang Dynasty, overthrew their rulers the Xiaw with the help of this new supreme God called Lao-Tien-Yeh, the “Great God”.  This became the new ruler of the Universe and its symbol was a circle with a series of straight lines radiating in a fan shape beneath it. This is very similar to the new Supreme God symbols that suddenly appeared in the Middle East and Egypt bringing a new monotheism into previously pantheistic cultures.

 

Cataclysm4:   1,600  BC-  1,495  BC. Egypt.

 

Heavy falls of ash fell on the Nile Delta in Egypt killing off most plant life in Lower Egypt around  1,600 BC.

 

In Egypt the El Arish papyrus stated that there was a deep prolonged darkness and a pharaoh had died. An heir of this pharaoh was also injured in this period by heavenly fire that had killed his entourage.

 

Drastically deteriorating climatic conditions in the Levant  caused the Hyksos people to overrun Egypt.

 

The fourteenth dynasty collapsed as the Hyksos overan the Nile Delta. The historian Manetho of Sais recorded that a “blast of God” prostated Egypt.

 

The “Tempest Stele” found reused in the third pylon in the Temple of Karnak tells of an extraordinarily ferocious storm that occurred during the reign of Ahmose 1, circa 1550 BC.

 

The “El Arish” text from the eastern Nile Delta described a deep prolonged darkness and the death of a pharaoh whose heir was injured and his entourage totally destroyed.

 

Other sources state that there was a mysterious mass death at Avaris during the XIII dynasty around this time period.  Other large metropolitan centres were destroyed or abandoned at this time. These included Ithtaw and Hetepsenusret.  Avaris was later renamed Rameses and the biblical Israelites were said to be enslaved in its reconstruction. 

 

An odd coincidence from this period is that Atenism, the worship of Aten, the Sun Disc, which later became the official religion of Egypt, started in 1,486 BC. If it was the sun that was suddenly being worshipped as the supreme Deity why did the Egyptians not just refer to it as Ra, the sun’s traditional name and use the winged disc, the traditional symbol for it?  This Atenist disc was a heavenly body that shone from above and sent down light and the literal translation of aten is disc.

 

Incidentally in 1,486  BC the Egyptians recorded in the Tulli Papyrus that a great celestial disc of fire appeared in the Sky over the Temple of Karnak and that the priests prostrated themselves in fear. This fiery disc was so unique that it was recorded as never having been seen before and was one rod in length by one rod in width and it extended to the limits of the hour supports of the heavens. The Egyptian rod was 170 feet. The Egyptians used to say that the Full Moon was five cubits wide and the rod was one hundred cubits long. This was enormous. The Tulli Papyrus also stated that the aerial object broke up after several days had passed and became more numerous in the sky. “In the year 22, in the third month of winter, in the sixth hour of the day, the scribes of the House of Life noticed that there was a disc of fire coming from the sky”. “The hearts of the scribes became terrified and confused, and they lay themselves flat on their bellies”. The fiery disc was described as “ a marvel never before known since the foundation of this land.”

 

The disc of fire was recorded as appearing early in the year that Tuthmosis overthrew his mother around  1,486  BC. This was the year before the advent of Atenism.

 

The Tulli papyrus states that the fiery disc divided up into smaller fiery discs until after a few days they became more numerous in the sky. The fragments then grew in size and shined in the sky more than the brightness of the sun. Fish and birds were also said to have fallen from the sky at this time. Ancient cultures often referred to meteors as birds or fiery fish, the firebird being a name for them amongst the ancient Greeks.

 

Cataclysm4:   1,600  BC-  1,495  BC. England.

 

Tree rings in England indicate enormous ashfall around 1,628 BC.

 

Cataclysm4:   1,600  BC-  1,495  BC. Germany.

 

Tree rings in Germany indicate enormous ashfall around  1,628  BC.

 

Cataclysm4:   1,600  BC-  1,495  BC. Greece

 

Greek tradition states that the Great Flood of Deucalion occurred around 1,630  BC though other sources state that the Great Flood occurred much earlier and in fact there may have been more than one Great Flood.

 

The ark of Deucalion landed on Mount Tomaros in Greece.

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Cataclysm5:   1,200   BC-  1,100   BC. China.

 

Excavated oracle bones from this period indicate a national obscession with catastrophes in China.

 

In 1,122 BC during a battle between the last Shang Emperor Chou Hsin and Wu Fang, founder of the Chou Dynasty, it was recorded that there was a battle in the sky between comets during the battle.

 

Around 1,159 BC there were unusual weather conditions and ash rains in China.

 

Cataclysm5:   1,200   BC-  1,100   BC. Crete.

 

James Mavor of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute reckoned that there were three waves with each having a height of two hundred feet even when they were hitting the shores of Crete when Thera erupted in 1,220 BC.

 

W. Brandstein deduced that the eruption of Thera produced such an enormous wave that the flood reached the capital Knossos eight kilometers inland and at an elevation of forty metres above  sea level and destroyed it.

 

Brandstein also stated that a catastrophe that could destroy Crete with all of its towns and cities must have also caused damage at Athens in Greece as the epicenter was midway between Athens and Crete.

 

Cataclysm5:   1,200   BC-  1,100   BC.Cyprus.

 

The three principal cities in Cyprus in the Mediterranean were suddenly destroyed between 1,200 BC and 1,150 BC.

 

Cataclysm5:   1,200  BC-  1,100  BC. Egypt.

 

On top of the Sacred Way which was built by Rameses 11 from his palace in Luxor to the Temple of No Amun in Karnak and along which his funeral procession passed in 1,232 BC the traces have been found of a layer of black volcanic ash three to four millimeters thick and above that a layer of red volcanic ash several millimetres deep. This volcanic ash had fallen here shortly after 1,232 BC.

 

Around  1,220 BC there were numerous sudden volcanic eruptions in the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt. Exodus states that when Israel went out of Egypt Jordan was driven back. The mountains skipped like Rams and the little hills like lambs.  The children of Israel were shown their way by a pillar of cloud by day and a pillar of fire by night.

 

Also around 1,220 BC there were major earthquakes in Egypt and the Temple of Karnak was damaged.

 

At this point it is best to mention that the dates for the Biblical Exodus from Egypt are not definite and open to controversy. Several dates have been proposed from 1,486 BC to 1,232 BC. This is confounded even more by the equally great controversy over the Egyptian King Lists and the eternal disputes over their dates as well.

 

In Exodus 1:11it was recorded that the Children of Israel built for Pharoah treasure cities Pithom and Ramses.  Both of these cities were built under Rhameses11, the Great. Exodus then states that the king of Egypt died and it was Rameses 11 who died after a  seventy-two year reign in 1,232 BC. After his death the plagues of Egypt occurred in which the Israelites made their escape.

 

The Papyrus Ipuwer states that the land turns around as does a potter’s wheel and the Earth was turned upside down. There was terrible Devastation. The Ipuwer Papyrus according to Egyptologists S. Morenz, J. Leiden and C. Baux was dated to between 1,220 BC and 1,205 BC.

 

The book of Exodus as well as the writings of Ipuwer, an Egyptian eye-witness of the events, records that the river, the Nile, is blood. These ancient witnesses stressed that the water appeared bloodlike, not dust covered as they would well have known the difference. Ipuwer also wrote that plague is throughout the land and blood is everywhere. Exodus states that the river (Nile) stank and the water could not be drunk. The skin of men and animals was irritated by the dust which caused  boils, sickness and the death of cattle. Wild animals that were frightened by the events came closer to the towns which would account for the plagues recorded in this period as well. The red dust covered everything.

 

After the fall of red dust there was a small dust like the ashes of a furnace coming down. This was followed by the fall of a grievous hail, such as had not been seen in Egypt since its foundations. The Universal Cataclysm?

 

Stones of barad, barak, translated as hail, fell. Mishradic and Talmudic sources state that the stones were hot and in the Scriptures they were described as mingled with fire. Their fall was accompanied by loud noises, kolot, that was rendered as thunder. The word for thunder though is raam which was not used here. The din of the falling stones terrified the people as much as the stones themselves.

 

The red dust had frightened the people and there was a warning to keep men and cattle under shelter as the hailstones would come down and kill them. This is referred to in Exodus.

 

Ipuwer wrote that the falling stones and fire  made the frightened cattle flee. Trees are perished and no fruits or herbs are found. Grain has perished on every side. In one day the fields were turned into wasteland. The book of Exodus wrote that the hail, stones of barad, smote every herb of the field and brake every tree of the field.

 

Ipuwer stated that the gates, columns and walls are consumed with fire. The fire was to the end of heaven and to the end of the earth.

 

Ipuwer stated that the southern ship, Upper Egypt, is adrift. The towns are destroyed. Great and small say “I wish I were dead!” The papyrus mentions that the residence is overturned in an hour and there are long lists of places and buildings that have been destroyed. At the end it states that Mankind is destroyed… all these years are confusion… thou has kept alive a few among them but they cover their faces for fear of the morrow.

 

The eighth plague of Exodus was of barad and fire mixed together and there were loud noises and barad and the fire ran along the ground.

 

The papyrus Ipuwer states that gates, columns and walls are consumed by fire. The sky is in confusion. The fire almost exterminated mankind.

 

The Midrashim in a number of texts states that naptha, together with hot stones poured upon Egypt. The Egyptians refused to let the Israelites go and He (God) poured out naptha, petroleum, over them, burning blisters. It was a stream of hot naptha.

 

According to the Apocrypha and the Pseudopigrapha of the Old Testament the water that quencheth all wrought the fire more mightily.

 

Numerous Rabbinical sources state that an exceedingly strong wind endured for seven days and all the time the land was shrouded in darkness so dense that people could not stir from their place. The darkness was such that artificial light or flame could not be seen. The eyes were blinded by it and their breath choked. Rabbinical tradition states that the vast majority of the Israelites perished.

 

After the hurricane had finished the Pharaoh pursued the evil-doers, Israelites, to the place called Pi-Khiroti. In Exodus the Egyptians pursued them and overtook them encamping by the Sea at Pi-ha-khiroth. Here the Pharaoh perished in the whirlpool or sea returning.

 

The tenth plague was a great earthquake that destroyed the palaces, prisons and houses of Egypt. Each house received a fatality. The houses were smitten. All the while according to Artapanus, quoted by Eusebius, where he states that the hail still fell so that those who fled from the earthquake were killed by the hail. All of the houses fell and most of the temples. The population fled and lived in fields. The Israelites as well as others fled as the lightning lightened the World and the Earth trembled and shook. There was a portent in the sky which looked like a stretched arm. A Comet?

 

At Midnight all the houses were shook, smitten, and there was not a house where there was not one dead. According to the Midrashim the last night in Egypt was as bright as noon on the day of the Summer solstice. This happened on the night of Passover, the fourteenth of Aviv, the first month as it was celebrated originally. The first month of the Egyptians was called Thout and the thirteenth of Thout was a day of sadness and a very bad day for it was the day that Horus waged war with Seth. The Egyptians reckoned the beginning of the day from sunrise whereas the Hebrews count the new day from sunset. This means that the 13th of Thout and the 14th of Aviv were the same day. Interestingly enough in the Aztec calendar the thirteenth day of the month is called olin, motion or earthquake, when a new Sun initiated another world age.

 

Later in Exodus we have the description of the sea being rent apart for the escape of the Israelites. The pillars of the Heavens trembled….and He divideth the sea with his power. He divided the sea and caused them to go through and he made the waters to stand as a heap. Then the Great Sea (Mediterranean) broke into the Red Sea in an enormous tidal wave.

 

On the way from Egypt to Palestine the Israelites were at the site of Lake Serbon where Typhon and Zeus-Jupiter were said to have warred and where Typhon descended to Earth into the lake in Greek mythology.

 

Was Typhon the pillar of cloud by day and the pillar of fire by night that the Israelites were following to the Promised Land?

 

When Pharaoh and his army were destroyed by the rush of water many Israelites were destroyed as well by the onrush. At the same time God sent against the Djorhomites who inhabited the Tehama, the thousand mile long costal region of the Red Sea, swift clouds, ants and other signs of his rage and many of them perished and in the land of Djohaina an impetuous torrent carried off all of them in a night at a place called Idom, Fury.

 

In the Kitab Alaghani it is mentioned that at this same time a tribe was forced to migrate due to a plague of ants from Hedjas, in the Tehama, to their native land where they were destroyed by Toufan, which is a Deluge.

 

The mire at the bottom of the Sea of Passage was heated by the Pillar of Fire to boiling point. The pillar of fire and smoke was also capable of leveling mountains.

 

Approximately seven weeks after the night of the Exodus there was the day of Revelation at the Mount of the Lawgiving, possibly Mount Sinai. Exodus describes more fiery hail and coals of fire coming down from the sky as well as earthquakes and shakings and trumpetings coming from the sky. The mountain is described as burning though it is not volcanic.

 

The Sinai Desert is today covered with blackened stones that are scattered across the landscape and for which there is no known reason unless it is the Biblical one. At Har Karkom, Jebel Ideid, a sacred mountain community dating back to 3,000 BC. There are many boulders here several feet in size that have been mysteriously blackened and on which numerous ancient travelers have etched signs and symbols. The rocks are blackened only on the surface.

 

On the large mountain plateau of Har Kerkom, also in Sinai, the top is covered in an expanse of black stone fragments known to the locals as hamada. In some places in ancient times the hamada layer has been cleared to form what are called hut circles.

The blackened rocks in the Sinai resemble volcanic rocks but there are no volcanoes in the area.

 

As the Israelites went from Mount Sinai into the desert they were covered by clouds and the light of Noga was upon them. Noga is the planet Venus and it must have been extraordinarily bright to be seen through the cloud cover.

 

The New Kingdom suddenly ends. The Harris Papyrus states that there were prodigious clouds of ash coming from the west during Rhameses III coronation in 1,198 BC. Shortly after Rhameses III stopped the invasion of the Sea Peoples who had told his scribes that a shooting star had burned their homeland before it sank into the Western Sea.

 

The Medinet Habu inscriptions mention the great darkness which prevailed before the beginning of his reign.

 

This is corroborated by the Ipuwer Papyrus which stated that men look like gem-birds, blackbirds, and squalor is throughout the land. There are none whose clothes are white in these times and all are laid low by terror.

 

In the Hermitage Papyrus 1116b it asks how fareth this land (Egypt)? The sun is veiled and will not shine that men may see. None will live when the storm veileth it. All men are dulled through the want of it and the sun separateth himself from men. None will know that is is midday and the sun’s shadow cannot be distinguished on the sundial. The sun is in the sky like the moon.

 

On the shrine of El Arish it was written that the land was in great distress and misfortune fell upon the whole earth. There were a terrible uproar in the capital and for nine days none could leave the palace. During these nine days of storm there was such a tempest that neither men nor gods could distinguish the faces around them.

 

At the end of the Nineteenth Dynasty, around 1,197 BC, Pharoah Seti I saw Sekhmet which was a circling star that spat flames and was seen across the known world.

 

The Ipuwer Papyrus records that there was fiery destruction across Egypt.

 

Rameses 111 at Medinet Habu declared that the whole delta of the Nile is suddenly flooded by the sea.

 

This was the period of the invasion of the mysterious Peoples of the Sea. Possibly affected by the sudden climatic change, and possibly meteoric phenomena, they traveled by land and sea besieging ports and inland cities around the Mediterranean Sea looking for somewhere to settle. They had sacked Hattasus in Turkey and Ugarit as well as a host of other cities and then headed for Egypt.  In   1,200   BC an alliance of People of the Sea and Libyans attacked Egypt from Syria by land as well as by sea. This horde comprised men, women and children and travelled by oxcart as well as by ship.  Hundreds of ships sailed alongside those who were travelling by land. This horde was confronted by the Egyptian navy at an eastern mouth of the Nile and during the attack archers poured volleys of shots into the attacking ship. Rameses eventually won and captured vast numbers of cattle and killing more than two thousand attackers. Piles of severed heads were placed in front of him and the numbers were checked by scribes against a tally of severed penises.

 

Inscriptions on the walls of the victory temple of Ramses 111 at Medinet Habu in the Upper Nile Valley tell how the Atlantean or Hyperborean invaders of Egypt were destroyed. “The shooting star was terrible in its pursuit of them” before their island disappeared under the Atlantic Ocean. When was this though or was this the destruction of the last portion of Atlantis in Neolithic times?

 

The Victory Temple of Medinet Habu was completed around 1,180 BC.

 

The temple’s exterior walls are covered with lengthy descriptions of the war between Rhameses 111 as well as incised carvings of all of the combatants.

 

The temple records the testimony of captured warrior Sea-Peoples who stated that they came from an island called Netero that was in the far western sea (the Atlantic). Netero was set ablaze by the fiery goddess Sekmet and then sunk into the sea. Sekhmet  was identified as a threatening comet or shooting star and was a celestial phenomenon.

 

This invasion by the Sea Peoples was in 1,190 BC according to scribes at Medinet Habu which was eight years after after the loss of their Atlantic Island home.

 

The Sea People were called the Meshwesh or Hanebu.

 

The Medinet Habu inscriptions also mentions catastrophes occurring the same as Ipuwer. The Nile dried up, the land was parched, the house of the thirty chief nobles is destroyed, the people are starving and all water is useless. What which hath never happened before hath happened.

 

The Harris Papyrus is a document circa 1,180  BC that summarizes all of the accomplishments of Ramses 111. Ramses 111 had defended Egypt from invading Sea Peoples, also mentioned on the walls of the temple of Medinet Habu. After the defeat of the Peoples of the Sea Ramses 111 sent an expedition to the land of Ataka  for the great copper foundries that were there. The copper was piled in stores when it got back to Egypt where it was in the hundreds of thousands the colours of gold, which would indicate very high grade copper. Ataka was not the home of the Peoples of the Sea though as it had been destroyed by an aerial object crashing into it. Incidentally the Michigan copper mines in North America were abandoned at this same time. Was there a connection? Was this Ataka?

 

Inscriptions on the walls of the victory temple of Ramses 111 at Medinet Habu in the Upper Nile Valley tell how the Atlantean or Hyperborean invaders of Egypt were destroyed. “The shooting star was terrible in its pursuit of them” before their island disappeared under the Atlantic Ocean. When was this though or was this the destruction of the last portion of Atlantis in Neolithic times?

 

The goddess Hathor was the Egyptian Goddess who was described at Medinet Habu as a flaming planet or comet that destroyed the island of the Sea People who had mysteriously arrived from the west.

 

This invasion by the Sea Peoples was in 1,190 BC according to scribes at Medinet Habu which was eight years after after the loss of their Atlantic Island home.

 

The walls of Medinet Habu also mention that the comet that destroyed the home island of the Hyperborean invaders was the Goddess Sekhmet who was Goddess of fiery destruction. Seckmet was said to have destroyed the land of Neteru.

 

The Medinet Habu texts state that the forests and fields of the People of the Sea were burnt up with fire and the heat of him, Sekhmet, has burnt their countries. The fire of Sekhmet has burnt the land of the Nine Bows. Jurgen Spanuth believed that this referred to Heligoland in the North Sea based on older Egyptian divisions of the Earth into bows.

 

According to Herodotus the Garamantes were a chariot people who came from the west to try and invade the Mediterranean around the time of the Trojan War. The Garamantes wore the same armoured vests and crested helmets as the Sea People who tried to invade Egypt in  1,198  BC.

 

In the Medinet Habu texts Rameses 111 reported that Libya, North Africa, had become a desert. A terrible torch hurled flame from heaven to destroy their souls and lay waste their land.  Their bones burn and roast within their limbs. This same text also mentioned that the Nile River dried up and the land of Egypt fell victim to drought.

 

The Egyptians told Solon that the fall of Phaethon was at this time and that the Greeks called the fiery comet Phaethon but to the Egyptians it was known as Sekhmet. In the texts of Sethos 11, 1,215 BC to 1,210 BC, Sekhmet was a circling star which spread out his fire in flames, a fire-flame in his heart.

 

In the Karnak manuscript from Egypt it states that in the fifth year of the reign of the Pharoah Merneptah, 1,232-1,222 BC, Libya, North Africa, had become a barren desert and the Libyans came to Egypt to seek sustenance for their bodies.

 

Cataclysm5. 1,200 BC-1,100 BC. Germany.

 

Between the island of Heligoland in the North Sea and Eiderstedt in Schleswig-Holstein on the German mainland is a large area of what were coastal lands that were flooded around 1,200 BC when sea levels in the area rose on average of twenty meters. Originally large rivers flowed through here these being the Weser, the Elbe, the Eider and the Hever which has since disappeared and originally flowed into the Eider Estuary about twenty kilometers west of Heligoland. These old rivercourses were still on old sea charts. A vast stretch of marshland stretched far out into the North Sea. Immediately east of Heligoland was an island which was flooded over in this same period but was still listed as being in existence until its final disappearance during the major flooding of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. Copper was mined here in Neolithic times.  Jurgen Spanuth has postulated that this was the site of Atlantis, the capital of the People of the Sea who came from the far north around this time and are depicted on the Temple of Medinet Habu in Egypt.

 

There is a drastic rise in lake levels in Germany unequalled in history. This is especially so in the Saalachsee, the Ammersee and the Federsee in the south of the country. There was widespread abandonment of lake-pile villages. New lakes are formed near Memmingen, Munich, Ravensburg and Toelz.

 

In the German Rhineland a vast majority of oak trunks show evidence of massive flooding around 1,000 BC.

 

The Black Forest in Bavaria is incinerated suddenly. Burn strata lying between the pollen maxima of fir trees and beech trees in the Black Forest contain mountain pines. After a long period of warm and favourable climate during which the mountains were covered in beech woods which was followed by a time of dryer weather in which the the beech trees were replaced by mountain pines which were the trees that were consumed by the massive fires. These were followed by coniferous forests indicative of a colder and wetter climate.

 

Villages and fortified camps were destroyed by huge fires around 1,200 BC in Central Germany. Great masses of cinders were found and walls and fortifications were vitrified by the intense heat.

 

Cataclysm5:   1,200   BC-  1,100   BC. Great Britain.

 

Most of Britain is depopulated suddenly around  1,200  BC.

 

Development is stopped at Stonehenge and the site is abandoned.

 

Cataclysm5:   1,200   BC-  1,100   BC. Greece.

 

The huge hydraulic works at Lake Copais were suddenly abandoned around 1,200  BC resulting in widespread flooding of the Copais Basin.

 

W. Brandstein deduced that the eruption of Thera produced such an enormous wave that the flood reached the capital Knossos eight kilometers inland and at an elevation of forty metres above  sea level and destroyed it.

 

Brandstein also stated that a catastrophe that could destroy Crete with all of its towns and cities must have also caused damage at Athens in Greece as the epicenter was midway between Athens and Crete.

 

Brandstein quoted legends that stated that Poseidon in his rage overwhelmed with his rage the fertile plains of Eleusis and all of Attica. Athens was flooded as well and only those who fled to the mountains escaped with their lives. Pausanias stated that circa 150 AD during his lifetime  there still existed a broad cleft in the rock north of the Ilissus Valley near the Temple of Athenian Zeus through which the flood waves were said to have rushed in. If this were indeed true then the tsunami that hit Athens would have been seventy metres high.

 

In   1,200   BC the Mycenean civilization suddenly imploded. One theory by Rhys Carpenter is that there was a northwards shift of dry desert winds from the Sahara that resulted in arid conditions arising in Mycenae and the Peloponnese as well as Crete and Anatolia. 

 

The major palaces of Myceanae and Late Helledic Greece were destroyed at the same time.

 

Around 1,200 BC there began an abnormally hot and dry period in Greece which led to a catastrophic drought and to the disappearance of forests. Prior to this Greece was fertile and thickly forested.

 

Of 320 settlements in Greece in the thirteenth century BC only forty were inhabited in the twelth century BC. The population had shrunk suddenly to one hundredth of what it had been.

 

Between 1,300 BC and 1,200 BC the Mycenean city of Tyryns in the Argolid of Greece  was devastated by a massive flood. Parts of the lower town were buried under several feet of mud. After this event the inhabitants built a dam above the citadel as well as converted the river so that this would never happen again. Was this a local flood or part of something much larger in this period? The rest of the Mycenean which was a late Bonze Age culture was imploding at this same time. The flood debris was up to sixteen feet thick! Later in this same period Tyryns was destroyed by an earthquake as was Mycenae, the centre of Mycenean culture in Greece. The flash flood at Tyryns came not from a tsunami but was transported downhill by a stream on the slopes east of the citadel. This was probably caused by an earthquake. After this event the inhabitants of the city built a thirty-three foot high dam built of cyclopean blocks and then dug a one mile long channel to divert the river away. This Achean Dam is still standing over three thousand years later.

 

There was a massive exodus of refugees from the Greek mainland as well as Cyprus. The Greek mainland became desolate and abandoned. Literacy vanished for the next three hundred years after the fall of Achean or Mycenean civilization.

 

Cataclysm5:   1,200   BC-  1,100   BC. Greenland.

 

Ice cores from Camp Century in Greenland show that something threw several thousand cubic kilometres of ash into the atmosphere around 1,170 BC.

 

Greenland ice cores show an extremely high acid content indicative of unnatural weather patterns around 1,159 BC. This was the same time as the eruption of Hekla 3 in Iceland.

 

Were there several volcanic eruptions?

 
 
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